We might even say, conversely, that paraphrase is a kind of translation. No, not at all. However, they can be meaningful and at cleantth same time impossible to rephrase satisfactorily. Verbal irony appears in words. If the interpretation were, for instance, of the deconstructivist kind, the manual would include some deconstructive rules or anti-rules. In most cases, we would have no problem identifying the nature of the object of the paraphrase.
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Brooks distinguishes scientific statement from poetic one and claim that the scientific statement cannot be paraphrasable. In a poem, form and content are inseparable, that is why, poem cannot be reduced to a prose. However, Brooks is not completely against the fact that we need some discursive paraphraseable statements to understand in classroom about the meaning or theme of the poem. Brooks thinks that a poem is not a scientific proposition. It is a structure of gesture and attitude, it is wrapped in emotions, and it has its own poetic universe constituting its romantic structure.
Meaning as dramatic effect is produced by setting its tensions in motion. It is not through logical formula, discourse propositions, and abstraction symbol but through irony, ambiguity and paradox a poem comprises its meaning. Brooks says that irony is the chief organizing principle that creates structure of a poem. Context produces ironic effect upon us. Brooks further says, "Even the meaning of any particular item is modified by the context". Brooks classifies two types of irony: verbal and dramatic.
Verbal irony appears in words. If we say "your skin is white" for black people it creates verbal irony. Dramatic irony is produced through a person who involves in action but does not know what is going on him but the audiences know. For example, the case of king Oedipus in Sophocles Oedipus Rex.
He was one of three children: Cleanth and William, natural born sons, and Murray Brooks, actually born Hewitt Witherspoon, whom Bessie Lee Witherspoon kidnapped from her brother Forrest Bedford Witherspoon as a young baby after the natural mother had died. She later was able to change his name to Murray Brooks and continued to raise him as her own, causing quite a rift in her own family and alienating herself from Cleanth and William. Cleanth mentioned on more than one occasion that she so doted on Murray Hewitt that she no longer had a relationship with Cleanth and William. Attending McTyeire School, a private academy, he received a classical education and went on to study at Vanderbilt University in Nashville, Tennessee , where he received his B. In , Brooks received his M. He received his B. In , he married Edith Amy Blanchord.
CLEANTH BROOKS THE HERESY OF PARAPHRASE PDF