It was written in Italian and first published in Venice in The author was Vannoccio Biringuccio , a citizen of Siena , Italy, who died before it was published. Metallurgy is a domain of materials science and engineering that studies the physical and chemical behavior of metallic elements, their inter-metallic compounds, and their mixtures, which are called alloys. Metallurgy is used to separate metals from their ore.
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Maesta, Venice, Title within woodcut border with elaborate woodcut illustrations of various machines and apparatus, numerous text woodcuts as well as elaborate woodcut initials. Eighteenth century vellum backed marbled boards, edges and corners worn; first 8 leaves repaired at upper right corner, some browning, contemporary annotations throughout. Contemporary ownership signature of Giovanni Giulio Bruschi on title he signs Brusco on the final leaf above the colophon , another signature, Alfonso Ruso?
Dated July 1, , Los Angeles, Cal. Second edition. This was the first printed book dealing with metallurgy. It was "written for the practicing metallurgist, foundryman, dyer, type-founder, glass-maker, and maker of gunpowder, fireworks and chemicals used in warfare.
The second chapter is devoted to alum. Here is first mentioned cobalt blue and manganese and the use of sodium chloride for separating gold and silver from baser metals" Dibner. Biringuccio here gives the earliest account of typecasting and the making of statues, medallions, and bells.
He viewed alchemy as "nontechnical and noncodifiable" by its practitioners. The woodcuts depict furnaces for distillation, bellows mechanisms, and devices for boring cannon and drawing wire. Biringuccio emphasizes the adaptation of minerals and metals to use - their alloying, working, and especially the art of casting, of which he writes in great detail.
In this area he is far better than the two other sixteenth-century authors with whom he is inevitably compared, Georgius Argicola and Lazarus Ercker.
Biringuccio ? He later cast cannon and built fortifications for the Este and Farnese families. At the time of his death he was head of the papal foundry and director of papal munitions at Rome.
De la pirotechnia
De la pirotechnia