Achtergrond[ bewerken brontekst bewerken ] De kunsthistorici plaatsen Dante met beide voeten in de middeleeuwen en zijn Goddelijke komedie is daar de mooiste illustratie van. Het werk getuigt van een diepchristelijke levenshouding die gericht was op het hiernamaals en doordrongen van de heilsgedachte: de verlossing van de mensheid uit de zonde door de kruisdood van Christus. Dante toonde weliswaar zijn sterke voorkeur voor klassieke schrijvers en filosofen, maar zijn kennis van de klassieken was vrij beperkt. Hij kende weinig van de Romeinse geschiedenis en zijn concept van historie was eerder theologisch.
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An initial canto, serving as an introduction to the poem and generally considered to be part of the first cantica, brings the total number of cantos to It is generally accepted, however, that the first two cantos serve as a unitary prologue to the entire epic, and that the opening two cantos of each cantica serve as prologues to each of the three cantiche.
Additionally, the verse scheme used, terza rima , is hendecasyllabic lines of eleven syllables , with the lines composing tercets according to the rhyme scheme aba, bcb, cdc, ded, Within each group of 9, 7 elements correspond to a specific moral scheme, subdivided into three subcategories, while 2 others of greater particularity are added to total nine.
For example, the seven deadly sins of the Catholic Church that are cleansed in Purgatory are joined by special realms for the late repentant and the excommunicated by the church. The core seven sins within Purgatory correspond to a moral scheme of love perverted, subdivided into three groups corresponding to excessive love Lust , Gluttony , Greed , deficient love Sloth , and malicious love Wrath , Envy , Pride.
Added to these are two unlike categories that are specifically spiritual: Limbo, in Circle 1, contains the virtuous pagans who were not sinful but were ignorant of Christ, and Circle 6 contains the heretics who contradicted the doctrine and confused the spirit of Christ.
The mountain has seven terraces, corresponding to the seven deadly sins or "seven roots of sinfulness. It is also drawn primarily from Christian theology, rather than from classical sources. Love, a theme throughout the Divine Comedy, is particularly important for the framing of sin on the Mountain of Purgatory.
While the love that flows from God is pure, it can become sinful as it flows through humanity. Humans can sin by using love towards improper or malicious ends Wrath , Envy , Pride , or using it to proper ends but with love that is either not strong enough Sloth or love that is too strong Lust , Gluttony , Greed. Below the seven purges of the soul is the Ante-Purgatory, containing the Excommunicated from the church and the Late repentant who died, often violently, before receiving rites.
Thus the total comes to nine, with the addition of the Garden of Eden at the summit, equaling ten. Christian souls arrive escorted by an angel, singing In exitu Israel de Aegypto. In his Letter to Cangrande , Dante explains that this reference to Israel leaving Egypt refers both to the redemption of Christ and to "the conversion of the soul from the sorrow and misery of sin to the state of grace. The Purgatorio is notable for demonstrating the medieval knowledge of a spherical Earth.
During the poem, Dante discusses the different stars visible in the southern hemisphere , the altered position of the sun, and the various timezones of the Earth. At this stage it is, Dante says, sunset at Jerusalem, midnight on the River Ganges , and sunrise in Purgatory.
After an initial ascension, Beatrice guides Dante through the nine celestial spheres of Heaven. These are concentric and spherical, as in Aristotelian and Ptolemaic cosmology.
While the structures of the Inferno and Purgatorio were based on different classifications of sin, the structure of the Paradiso is based on the four cardinal virtues and the three theological virtues. The seven lowest spheres of Heaven deal solely with the cardinal virtues of Prudence , Fortitude , Justice and Temperance. The final four incidentally are positive examples of the cardinal virtues, all led on by the Sun , containing the prudent, whose wisdom lighted the way for the other virtues, to which the others are bound constituting a category on its own.
Mars contains the men of fortitude who died in the cause of Christianity; Jupiter contains the kings of Justice; and Saturn contains the temperate, the monks who abided by the contemplative lifestyle. Topping them all is the Empyrean , which contains the essence of God, completing the 9-fold division to The Paradiso is consequently more theological in nature than the Inferno and the Purgatorio.
Woodcut for Inferno, canto Pietro di Piasi, Venice, The original printing press is on display in the Oratorio della Nunziatella in Foligno. Early printed editions.
Dante Alighieri Biografía- La Divina Comedia – Curiosidades
An initial canto, serving as an introduction to the poem and generally considered to be part of the first cantica, brings the total number of cantos to It is generally accepted, however, that the first two cantos serve as a unitary prologue to the entire epic, and that the opening two cantos of each cantica serve as prologues to each of the three cantiche. Additionally, the verse scheme used, terza rima , is hendecasyllabic lines of eleven syllables , with the lines composing tercets according to the rhyme scheme aba, bcb, cdc, ded, Within each group of 9, 7 elements correspond to a specific moral scheme, subdivided into three subcategories, while 2 others of greater particularity are added to total nine.
El si-a intitulat capodopera Commedia. Atributul de divina i-a fost acordat poemei de catre marele prozator italian Giovanni Boccaccio, primul lector public al operei dantesti, ca un omagiu datorat extraordinarei, supranaturalei ei frumuseti artistice. Divina Comedie are drept centru al lumii istorice si al celei fantastice aflate in simbioza de arta, pe autor insusi, ea fiind o splendida autobiografie psihologica, cel mai sincer poem din cate au fost scrise vreodata, sinteza intregii vieti anterioare a lui Dante. In vastul ei creuzet se topesc amintirile si evenimentele prezente, durerile si iluziile, iubirea si ura, inalta cunoastere a lumii, experienta umana, intreaga viata a poporului pe care Dante l-a cunoscut mai bine ca oricine altul, in indelungata lui ratacire in Italia.
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La Divina Commedia