It is not made to be easy. We just had soldiers, from march th go for the EFMB, with only 40 soldiers obtaining the coveted badge. The first day of competition is a written exam that coveres ALL medical knowledge. If you fail this test, you will be given a second chance to pass this test at the end of the week. There are 3 lanes that you have to test out of in order to even receive the badge. One lane is decontamination lane, where you have to go to MOPP 4, and then you have to decon yourself and all of your equipment.
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How do you respond to your commander? Calcium Hypochlorite is a method used to disinfect canteens. As a Field Sanitation Team member, how do you instruct your company to purify water in a one-Quart Canteen? Then place the cap on the canteen and shake it thoroughly. You are a member of the preventative medicine team.
Your team was tasked to conduct an inspection of the Dining Facility. During the inspection, your team leader assigned you to inspect all four refrigerators for proper temperature control. What is your back brief to your team leader for the following? You have just completed a company FTX. You were assigned as the team leader for the nonhazardous solid waste disposal detail. During the FTX site recovery planning meeting, your commander asked you to explain the primary options for nonhazardous solid waste disposal.
The primary options for disposal of nonhazardous solid waste in the field are burning, burial, or backhauling. Within the United States all solid waste generated during field exercises must be backhauled to garrison or picked up by contractors. During overseas training exercises, host-nation requirements must be followed which normally require the same policies of backhauling or contract disposal.
If incineration, burning, or landfilling is used during contingency operations, additional security measures must be taken to deter scavenging by local populations.
You are feeling excellent about all the recommendations you have provided to your commander. Planning for the FTX is going just as expected. The last task is to designate a perfect location for your latrines. What are some of the considerations for the placement of latrines? Considerations for the placement of latrines.
Latrines must be: 1 Located at least feet yards downwind and downhill from unit food service facilities and at least feet from any unit ground water source.
Chemical and containerized latrines must be placed so that service vehicles can access them for waste removal and cleaning. You are a part of the command team assigned to 61MMB. Your company was tasked to participate in the ongoing contingency operations. Which of the following latrines are most suited for this type of mission?
Cat-Hole latrines, Portable latrines, Chemical latrines or Containerized latrines Containerized latrines are the preferred means of human waste disposal during contingency operations. The containerized latrine system, normally a component of Force Provider units, consists of six privacy stalls with low-water flush toilets, a trough urinal, two waste collection tanks urinal and toilet waste are stored in separate tanks , two sinks with running hot and cold water, a six-gallon water heater, mirrors, and dispensers for toilet paper, paper towels and soap.
An environmental control unit installed in the rear wall regulates internal temperature, and ventilation systems installed in the front wall and ceiling reduce odor.
The containerized latrine system provides a private latrine facility with increased sanitation for Soldiers. Fill in the blanks. It can prevent effective sweating and increase a Soldiers risk for heat injury. Symptoms include edema, itching, peeling skin, rash, nausea, fever, syncope fainting , and either first or second degree burns. Soldiers must use Army approved sunscreen to protect exposed skin in any climate whether hot or cold.
Army approved sunscreen can prevent sunburn and reduce the risk of skin cancers when used in accordance with the instructions on the product label. Early signs of heat stroke include headache, dizziness, delirium mental confusion , weakness, nausea, vomiting, and excessive warmth; however, sweating may or may not be absent.
The most significant sign of heat stroke is a body core temperature of over degrees Fahrenheit with a rectal temperature exceeding degrees Fahrenheit. Although the casualty may first progress through the symptoms of heat cramps or heat exhaustion, the onset of heat stroke may occur with dramatic suddenness with collapse and loss of consciousness. Profound coma is usually present and convulsions may occur. In the past, heat stroke victims were described as always having hot, red, dry skin.
However it has been found that some heat stroke victims may just as often as not be moist from sweat. Therefore, upon initial evaluation, the skin cannot be the differentiating factor in deciding on the degree of the heat injury. Soldiers who have suffered from only one attack remain very susceptible to repeated heat injuries.
Therefore, these individuals should avoid subsequent exposure to hot weather conditions. Heat Injury: Caused by restrictive clothing, excessive sweating, and inadequate hygiene. Heat Rash Heat rash prickly heat is caused by restrictive clothing, excessive sweating, and inadequate hygiene. It can develop when sweat ducts become blocked and swell and often leads to discomfort and itching.
Heat rash can prevent effective sweating and increase a Soldiers risk for heat injury. Heat rash looks like dots or tiny pimples. The affected areas can get irritated by clothing or scratching.
In rare cases, a secondary skin infection my present itself and in that case look for signs of infection. Heat Injury: Most common form of heat injury and is generally not associated with evidence of organ damage. Heat Exhaustion Heat exhaustion is the most common form of heat injury and is generally not associated with evidence of organ damage. It is a result of peripheral vascular collapse due to excessive salt depletion and dehydration.
This condition is the result of excessive loss of both salt and water, usually due to profuse sweating as the body attempts to cool itself. Classic symptoms include profuse sweating, trembling, weakness, loss of coordination.
Additional symptoms may include headache, tingling in the hands and feet, paleness, difficulty breathing, irregular heartbeat, loss of appetite, nausea, and vomiting. The skin is generally cool and moist from the evaporation of sweat, the pulse rate is rapid to beats per minute , blood pressure may be low, and body temperature may be lower than normal as in cases where hyperventilation is present or slightly elevated, but the rectal temperature is usually elevated.
Rest means minimal physical activity sitting or standing , accomplished in the shade if possible. Daily fluid intake should not exceed 12 quarts. Noise: this determines pitch; high-pitched noises are more dangerous to hearing than low-pitched noises. Frequency The frequency of a noise determines its pitch, which is that attribute of an auditory sensation in which sounds may be ordered on a scale extending from low to high.
High-frequency high-pitched noises are more dangerous to hearing than low-frequency low-pitched noises. Noise: may be continuous or intermittent; it may be steady or made up of a series of impact or impulse noises.
Expert Field Medical Badge (Efmb) Written Test Training Workbook, Jul2014
EFMB Information Paper
EFMB | Army Study Guide