Namboodiripad, in full Elamkulam Manakal Sankaran Namboodiripad, born June 13, , near Perinthalmanna, India—died March 19, , Thiruvananthapuram , Indian communist leader and theorist who served as chief minister of Kerala state from to and from to Namboodiripad was born to an upper-caste Nambudiri Brahman family in a small village near Perinthalmanna, in what is now central Kerala. He was initially tutored at home in Sanskrit scriptures, especially the Rigveda. He then attended a school founded by the Namboodiri Yogakshema Sabha, a social-reform society that advocated modernized education and criticized the injustices of the caste system. Namboodiripad joined the civil disobedience movement launched by Mohandas Mahatma Gandhi in and was imprisoned for a year by the British government. During that period he played a key role in formulating party doctrine, and he studied and wrote extensively about the economic and social problems facing Kerala, which included insufficient agricultural output, high unemployment, and overpopulation.

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Book Sample View Description The formation of Communist Party in Kerala was the mutual corollary to objective socio-political realities that permeated Kerala during that historical juncture. The Communist Party and its ideology were a counter narrative to the tradition of oppression, exploitation and segregation that had assumed hegemonic proportions. EMS Namboodiripad was the appropriate symbol of the age, emerging from feudal antecedence and gradually evolving into an anti imperialist nationalist and culminating into a Communist.

He was in step with history, a product of his age and a sensitive and rational critic who transcended his times, influenced by Marxism- Leninism he practiced it as a praxis and ideology with rare originality and creativity. His ideological conceptualization and historical narrative were no doubt counter- hegemonic and didactic attempt to educate, enlighten and mould a new generation and class.

However traditional scholarship contested his intellectual caliber and was reluctant to acknowledge him as a historian. EMS Namboodiripad was greatly influenced by the intervention of colonial modernity in his native land. He was greatly involved in the reform movements within the Namboodiri community before his encounter with Socialism and Marxism. The social activities facilitated his entry into the political arena as a nationalist.

Perhaps, there was no other person who had been profoundly involved in all important stages of the freedom struggle, at the national and regional level, in myriad capacities. The involvement and. Namboodiripad prolific readings was instrumental in his becoming a Communist. He examines contemporary problems in the light of his dispassionate experiences.

The analytical and critical study of the different aspects of the Kerala and Indian history on the basis of Marxism made him the patriarch of the Marxist historiography of Kerala. Some scholars, perhaps for reasons of their own basis and prejudices, critique his Brahmin identity in their writings largely due to his authoritative renditions on the socio economic system of medieval Kerala.

The colonial intervention, the freedom struggle, the role of the bourgeoisie, the place of the working class and the Communist Party, et al, are subjected to scientific scrutiny in his writings. He also analyses the ideologies of Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru and their causative compulsions, in Marxist- Leninist perspective. About the Author Dr. She completed her Degree and M. She has also written some articles for journals and presented many papers in national and international seminars.

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E. M. S. Namboodiripad bibliography

Quotes[ edit ] Elements of Gandhism were by and large inherent in my life style and mode of thinking even after I adopted Marxism. While expressing my ideological difference with Gandhism, I became a political activist who upheld the high values of Gandhism and tried to translate them in my personal lifestyle. Namboodiripad, E. The Mahatma and the Ism. LeftWord Books. ISBN


E. M. S. Namboodiripad

He was a writer and author of several literary works and his book on the history of Kerala is notable. During this period, he was also elected to the Madras Legislative Assembly He remained committed to socialist ideals , and his compassion towards the working class led him to join the Communist movement. EMS became general secretary in , a designation he held until A Marxist scholar, he influenced the development of Kerala , of whom he was the first Chief Minister. Election to state government[ edit ] A Communist -led government under E. Namboodiripad resulted from the first elections for the new Kerala Legislative Assembly in , making him the first communist leader in India to head a popularly elected government.

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