Overview[ edit ] Robber fly close-up A member of the Asilidae feeding on a grasshopper. This Asilid shows the mystax and ocular fringe typical of the Asilidae, with short, stout proboscis and spiny, powerful legs, adapted to the capture of prey in flight. The Asilidae are a family in the order Diptera , the true flies. The common name for members of the family is the robber flies.
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Information on Robber Flies: Stratiomyomorpha Stratiomyoidea Pantophthalmidae timber flies Stratiomyidae soldier flies Xylomyidae wood soldier flies. The life histories are poorly known. Until recently, most workers have favored a version of the Papavero classification ; see recent updates in the Catalogue of Neotropical Diptera or the Manual of Neotropical Diptera, both They consist of a strongly sclerotized proboscis which includes the labium and maxillae which form a food canal, the labrum and a piercing organ, the hypopharynx.
The life cycle takes place in 1—3 years. More species need to be sampled for phylogenetic study — especially those with DNA sequencing data — even though total evidence analysis has so far yielded conflicting results. In some asilids, the stylus can be monoarticolate or absent. Though they are a very characteristic group for such a large family, the Asilidae may easily be confused with the related and less widely known family Therevidae.
The abdomen consists of visible segments preceding the genitalia in males, but the eighth segment is sometimes entirely or partially concealed, and terminal forming the ovipositor. Asilidae currently includes over described species in about genera. Coelopidae kelp flies Dryomyzidae Helosciomyzidae Ropalomeridae Huttoninidae Heterocheilidae Phaeomyiidae Sepsidae black scavenger flies Sciomyzidae marsh flies.
Asilidae adalah famili lalat yang dikenal akan sifatnya yang agresif. Larvae generally seem to live in soil, rotting wood, leaf mold and similar materials, some being predatory and others detrivorous. Western North American Naturalist The shape is generally elongated, due to the conformation of the long tapering abdomenhowever there are also compact species with broad abdomens.
Canthyloscelidae Perissommatidae Scatopsidae minute black scavenger flies, or dung midges. Lavigne has developed a database comprising over 13, reports. List of families of Diptera. Ruang nama Halaman Pembicaraan. This feature is clearly visible in the front view and is a morphological peculiarity of Asilidae. The Asilidae are cosmopolitanwith over described species.
Some genera have been found to be monophagic, but more generally the Asilidae manifest a more or less wide polyphagia with behaviors that vary from stenophagia  to euriphagia. This page was last edited on 28 Septemberat The head is small, rugged, dark pigmented and hypognathous, the abdomen is composed of 8 apparent urites, with the last two often fused and more or less reduced.
Muscoidea Anthomyiidae cabbage flies Fanniidae little house flies Muscidae house flies, stable flies Scathophagidae dung flies. Ptychopteromorpha Ptychopteridae phantom crane flies Tanyderidae primitive crane flies. Some Asilidae do, familka, specialize in smaller prey, and this is reflected in their more gracile build. The larvae of the first instar differ from other stages in both ethology and trophic regime.
Retrieved 10 January A combined total evidence analysis was then performed, adding DNA sequencing data from 77 of the original spp. Genera not yet in the guide [per 3 ]: Other bristles are arranged on the ocellar tubercle.
The postembryonic development consists of four larval stages instars and one pupa. Egg-laying takes place, according to the species, with three different behaviors which relate to the structure and the morphology of the abdomen.
Adults are generally medium to large in size, with an average body width of 1 to 1. The Asilidae are the robber fly family, also called assassin flies.
The scape and pedicel are generally relatively short and hairy; the third segment or first flagellomere has an oval or oblong shape, is generally longer than the two basal segments, and bears a stylus generally asilidas of two segments, of which the basal is very short. Larvae often predatory, consuming eggs and larvae of other insects in decaying matter. Lalat Asilidae memiliki kaki yang kuat serta berduri, dan mereka memiliki tiga mata tunggal ocelli dalam suatu lekukan khusus di atas kepala mereka di antara dua mata majemuk besar.
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Familia Kytri (Asilidae)