Sources[ edit ] Vegetius based his treatise on descriptions of Roman armies, especially those of the mid to late Republic. Vegetius explains how one should fortify and organise a camp, how to train troops, how to handle undisciplined troops, how to handle a battle engagement, how to march, formation gauge, and many other useful methods of promoting organisation and valour in the legion. The treatise is carefully laid out in subsections. They are organized into four books: Book I[ edit ] The first book, headed Primus liber electionem edocet iuniorum, ex quibus locis uel quales milites probandi sint aut quibus armorum exercitiis imbuendi, explains the selection of recruits, from which places and what kinds of men are soldiers to be authorised and with what exercises of arms they are to be indoctrinated. Vegetius also describes in detail the organisation, training and equipment of the army of the early Empire.
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Vegetius explains how one should fortify and organize a camp, how to train troops, how to handle undisciplined troops, how to handle a battle engagement, how to march, formation gauge and many other useful methods of promoting organization and valour in the legion.
Despite this, Watson doubts its value, for Vegetius "was neither a historian nor a soldier: his work is a compilation carelessly constructed from material of all ages, a congeries of inconsistencies". Vegetius also describes in detail the organisation, training and equipment of the army of the early Empire.
The third book contains a series of military maxims, which were appropriately enough, considering the similarity in the military conditions of the two ages the foundation of military learning for every European commander from William the Silent to Frederick the Great.
Among other things, it shows details of the siege engine called the onager , which afterwards played a great part in sieges until the development of modern cannonry. The fifth book gives an account of the materiel and personnel of the Roman navy. Its rules of siegecraft were much studied in the Middle Ages.
The first printed editions are ascribed to Utrecht , Cologne , Paris , Rome in Veteres de re mil. A German translation by Ludwig Hohenwang appeared at Ulm in To do this, he eulogises the army of the early Empire. In particular, he stresses the high standard of the legionaries and the excellence of the training and the officer corps.
In reality, Vegetius probably describes an ideal rather than the reality. The army of the early Empire was a formidable fighting force, but it probably was not in its entirety quite as good as Vegetius describes.
In particular, the 5-footinch minimum height identified by Vegetius would have excluded the majority of the men in Roman times the Roman foot was
Flavius Vegetius Renatus
See Article History Alternative Title: Flavius Vegetius Renatus Vegetius, in full Flavius Vegetius Renatus, flourished 4th century ad , Roman military expert who wrote what was perhaps the single most influential military treatise in the Western world. His work exercised great influence on European tactics after the Middle Ages. A patrician and reformer with little actual military experience, Vegetius lived in an era when cavalry and foreign auxiliary levies had diluted and corrupted the traditional legionary formation, which had been based on a disciplined infantry and cohesive organization. His treatise Rei militaris instituta, also called Epitoma rei militaris, written sometime between and , advocated a revival of the old system but had almost no influence on the decaying military forces of the later Roman Empire.
Vegetius Quotes – Si vis pacem, para bellum
Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatus