GABRIEL SAWMA PDF

See procedural and background of the case S. Following that, the parties married in an Islamic ceremony in compliance with Islamic law, also in the State of New York. Two children were born of the marriage, a girl, born on July 12, , and a boy, born on August 3, Both children were born in the United States.

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These massacred resulted in killing innocent men, women and children while praying. Abrogation in Islam is one major cause for the atrocities that Muslim fundamentalists have against non-Muslims in general, and the Christian communities in the Islamic world, in particular. This article addresses the persecution of Christians under Islam within the doctrine of abrogation. Introduction The acts of pre-meditated massacres committed by Muslim extremists against Christians in the Muslim world, has become a phenomenon that needs to be addressed by the United Nations and the Arab League as well as the United States, Europe, and other nations.

We have seen the massacre of Christian worshippers by Muslim extremists in late October of in the church of Our Lady of Salvation in Baghdad.

In the New Year, the world witnessed another massacre against Christians in the Church of the Saints in Alexandria, Egypt, committed by Muslim extremists. In March , Muslim men from the Fulani tribe in Nigeria, armed with swords and machetes, arrived at the Christian villages in the early hours of the morning killing several hundred of Christians. There are million Christians living in countries whose majority are Muslims. Some 15 million live in Indonesia; 12 million live in Egypt; 3 million in Pakistan; less than one million in Iraq and 2 percent in Jerusalem.

In Syria, Christians count for less than 10 percent of the population. In Lebanon the number went down from about 55 percent 75 years ago to under 30 percent today. At present rate in the Middle East, the Christians will, in a decade, have been substantially reduced to the point that they will loose their cultural vitality and political significance.

The exodus is a result of the unprecedented persecution of Christians by Muslim extremists as we have seen in the last few months. Islamic Invasion of the Middle East in the 7th Century On the eve of Islamic invasion of the Middle East in the seventh century, more than 95 percent of the population, not including Persia, was Christians.

The rest were Jews, pagans and others. Back then, the Muslim attitude toward the People of the Book, as Christians and Jews are called in the Quran, does not entail any obligation on the part of the Muslims either to convert or to exterminate them. The Covenant was in the form of a letter presented by the Christian community; it reads the following: "When you i.

Not to resemble the Muslims in dress, appearance, saddles. We impose these terms on ourselves and on our co-religionists; he who rejects them, has no protections.

They present verses from the Quran showing the peaceful, respectful and tolerant nature of the Quran; one verse reads: "You have your religion and I have mine" Quran , and "There is no compulsion in religion" Quran Indeed, when you read the Quran, you come across verses that are tolerant to non-Muslims. One verse says: "If thy Lord had pleased, all those who are in the earth would have believed, all of them.

Will thou then force them till they are believers? Another verse reads: "May thou will kill thyself with grief, sorrowing after, if they believe not in this argument non-believers " Quran All these events, Muslim spokesmen say, show signs of tolerance in Islam.

Another verse says: "Those who believe in the Quran and those who follow the Jewish Scriptures and the Sabian another sect lived in Arabia before Islam , any who believe in Allah and the Last Day, and work righteousness, shall have their reward with their Lord: on then shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve" Quran One verse refers to Christian priests and monks as humble and engage in worshipping God: "…Wilt thou find those who say, we are Christians; because amongst these are men devoted to learning and men who have renounced the world, and they are not arrogant" Quran Muslim commentators state that the Quran treats all human beings on equal plain, whatever their creed or color or nation or tribe.

They refer to the following verse: "And surely we have honored the children of Adam, and we carry them in the land and the sea, and we provide them with good tiding, and we have made to excel highly most of those whom we have created. One verse exhorts the believers Muslims to uphold justice and treat non-Muslims generously: "Exempted are those who join people with whom you have signed a peace treaty, and those who come to you wishing not to fight you, nor fight their relatives.

Had Allah willed, he could have permitted them to fight you. Therefore, if they leave you alone, refrain from fighting you, and offer you peace, then Allah gives you no excuse to fight them" Quran Another verse reads: "For every one of you we appointed a law and a way. And if Allah had pleased he would have made you a single people, but that he might try you in what He gave you.

So vie one with another in virtuous deeds" Quran Muslim commentators state that Allah did not create all human beings as one community, but rather different sects, distinctively. They state that plurality of religions and ways of life and different laws co-exist peacefully with the Muslim community.

The Quran calls its followers to smite the necks of the unbelievers non-Muslims : "When you meet those who disbelieve, smite at their necks until when you have killed and wounded many of them, then take them as captives, Quran The Quran calls its followers to smite the unbelievers non-Muslims above their necks and smite their fingers; it reads: "Remember thy lord has inspired the angels with the message.

Give firmness to the believers and instill terror into the hearts of the unbelievers non-Muslims. Smite them above their necks and smite the fingertips of them. The Quran commands the believers i. Muslims to wage Jihad holy war on non-Muslims, it reads: "Warfare is ordained for you, though it is hateful unto you; but it may happen that you hate a thing which is good for you and it may happen that you love a thing which is bad for you.

The Quran says: "The only reward of those who make war upon Allah and His messenger non-Muslims and strive after corruption in the land will be that they will be killed or crucified, or have their hand and feet at alternate side cut off, or will be expelled out of the land.

Such will be their degradation in the world, and in the Hereafter theirs will be an awful doom. The Quran says: "These twains the believers, i. Muslims and the disbelievers, i. But as for those who disbelieve non-Muslims , garments of fire will be cut out for them; boiling fluid will be poured down their heads. Whereby that which is in their bellies and their skins too, will be melted; and for them are hooked rods of iron. Whenever, in their anguish, they would go forth from thence they are driven back therein and it is said unto them : Taste the doom of burning" Quran The Quran says: "Lo!

We have prepared for disbelievers non-Muslims chains, yokes and a blazing fire" Quran The Quran says: "Therefore, when you meet the unbelievers non-Muslims, in fight , smite them at their necks. At length, when you have thoroughly subdued them, bind a bond firmly on them " Quran , The Quran says: "Verily Allah has cursed the unbelievers non-Muslims and has prepared for them a Blazing Fire to dwell in forever.

No protector will they find, nor savior. That day their faces will be turned upside down in the fire; they will say: Woe to us! We should have obeyed Allah and obeyed the Messenger! Muhammad , our Lord! Give them double torment and curse them with a very great curse!

That will be best for you, if you but knew! He Allah will forgive you your sins, and admit you to gardens beneath which rivers flow, and to beautiful mansions in gardens of eternity. That is indeed the supreme achievement.

And another favor will He bestow , which you do love -- help from Allah and a speedy victory. So give the glad tidings to the believers Muslims " Quran , Take not the Jews and the Christians for your friends and protectors; they are but friends and protectors to each other.

And he amongst you that turns to them [for friendship] is of them. Verily Allah guides not a people unjust" Quran 5: The Quran commands Muslims to fight a jihad against non-Muslims, it reads: "Let those fight in the way of Allah who sell the life of this world for the other.

Whoso fights in the way of Allah, be he slain or be he victorious, on him We [Allah] shall bestow a vast reward" Quran The Quran calls Muslims to kill the "mushrikeen" those who associate gods with God, such as Hindus and Christians ; it reads: "Seize them and slay them wherever you find them; and take no friends or helpers from their ranks" 4: The Quran calls the Jews "apes" 2: ; and calls the Christians "swine" Quran The disbelievers non-Muslims are a folk without intelligence, Quran 8: The Quran reads: "Say, Shall I tell you who, in the sight of Allah, deserves a yet worse retribution than these?

They whom Allah has rejected and whom He has condemned, and whom He has turned into apes and swine Jews and Christians because they worshipped the powers of evil…" Quran Despised and rejected. The Doctrine of Abrogation in Islam Faced with these contradictory verses from the Quran, and instead of explaining these contradictions, Muslim theologian started looking into another mechanism to solve these contradictions. They adopted a doctrine known as "the doctrine of abrogation", a legal method that allows annulment of seemingly contradictory verses from the Quran, without deleting them from the text.

When speaking in the West, Muslim commentators, deliberately hide this major Islamic doctrine, called in Arabic "Al-Nasikh wal-Mansoukh" the abrogator and the abrogated. The Arabic etymology of the word is "naskh" means a legal method that allows annulment of certain verses from the Quran.

It simply means that in situations wherein verses conflict one another, the early verses are overridden by the latter verses. This means the abrogated verses remain part of the Quran, but are cancelled out by other verses; both, the abrogated verses and the abrogating verses are retained in the Quran.

In Arabic the term used is: al-Nasikh wal Mansukh. The concept of "abrogation" is stated in the Quran, it means that Allah chose to reveal verses that supersede earlier verses in the same Quran. The central Quranic verse that deals with abrogation is the following: "None of Our revelations verses do We abrogate or cause to be forgotten, but We substitute something better or similar; knowest thou not that Allah hath power over all things? Quran , Yusuf Ali translation.

This means that when Allah decides to abrogate a verse from the Quran, He simply replaces the abrogated verse by a new and better one. Since its inception, abrogation has been a central element in the Islamic religion. The Quran asserts the doctrine of abrogation in the following verses: "God abrogates or confirms whatsoever he will, for he has with him the Book of the Books the Quran " Quran The Quran further states that "If we [Allah] please, we could take away what We have revealed to you.

Apparently, Muslim theologians were unable to explain away the inconsistencies in passages from the Quran. Some believe that the language of the Quran is Aramaic, not Arabic.

The earliest copies of the Quran were written, not in the modern Arabic script as most of the Arab speaking people believe, but were written in a script borrowed from the Aramaic script, and a language closely related to Eastern Syriac, the original language of Syria, Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq and parts of Egypt.

This means that the alleged contradictions, claimed by Muslim interpreters of the Quran, may not, after all, be contradictions, if these verses were interpreted in Aramaic rather than Arabic. Aramaic, not Arabic, was the language of the inhabitants of the Middle East in the seventh century. Even the Arab kingdoms of Palmyra in northeast Damascus, and the Nabataean kingdom of Transjordan had all their literature and epigraphic material written in Aramaic and Greek; not a single inscription of those Arab kingdoms was written in Arabic.

The classical Arabic language of the modern Quran did not exist in the seventh century. Nevertheless, Muslim jurists insist that the language of the Quran is Arabic and that the Arabic interpretation of the Quran renders these differences, and consequently, they use the doctrine of abrogation to take away divine verses revealed to the Prophet of Islam during his missionary.

Abrogation allows the verses, which came late, to annul earlier verses.

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Contact Us Home Following the independence of Muslim countries, they introduced family laws in the areas of marriage, divorce, custody of children and inheritance. Over the centuries, Muslim jurists constructed a body of legal interpretations Arabic FIQH of the Quran and Hadith traditions which include sayings and deeds attributed to the Prophet of Islam. A lawyer who graduates from law schools in such countries is equipped with the knowledge of Islamic family law and its application in the United States. Accordingly, when Muslims marry, they enter into a marriage contract. One of the chief features of this contract is the mahr agreement or sadaqa, a sum of money that the husband agrees to pay to his wife. Are these contracts enforced in the United States? Should the mahr agreements honored by U.

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Arashigore The constitution of Kuwait was adopted inand the parliament is elected every four years. Arabic, English gaabriel French in addition to few other languages spoken in the Middle East. In his affidavit, he explains the legal proceedings in Abu Dhabi. Kuwait is located on the aawma part of the Arabian Peninsula, known as Arabia, and on the northwestern head of the Persian Gulf. There is no question that the foreign court ssawma jurisdiction over the parties at the time the divorce judgment was issued and that it was a final binding order, thereby precluding the defendant from now collaterally attacking its validity or relitigating any of its provisions See Borenstein v.

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About Gabriel Sawma

These massacred resulted in killing innocent men, women and children while praying. Abrogation in Islam is one major cause for the atrocities that Muslim fundamentalists have against non-Muslims in general, and the Christian communities in the Islamic world, in particular. This article addresses the persecution of Christians under Islam within the doctrine of abrogation. Introduction The acts of pre-meditated massacres committed by Muslim extremists against Christians in the Muslim world, has become a phenomenon that needs to be addressed by the United Nations and the Arab League as well as the United States, Europe, and other nations.

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