Biography[ edit ] Kumaran Asan standing right with Narayana Guru seated middle. Kumaran Asan [note 1] was born on April 12, in a merchant family belonging to the Ezhava community  in Kayikkara village, Chirayinkeezhu taluk , Anchuthengu Grama Panchaayath in Travancore [note 2] to Narayanan Perungudi, a polyglot well versed in Malayalam and Tamil languages , and Kochupennu as the second of their nine children. Subsequently, he joined the school as a teacher in but had to quit as he was not old enough to hold a government job. It was during this time, he studied the verses and plays of Sanskrit literature. In , he moved to Bangalore and studied for law, staying with Padmanabhan Palpu.
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The powerful identity in this living people with a powerful writing skill, this will motive and give a inspiration do something good in life of every common man. He was also a philosopher, a social reformer and a disciple of Sree Narayana Guru. Born in a community condemned for centuries to untouchability, he fought against the inequities of a caste ridden society and passionately sang of individual dignity, social freedom and the brotherhood of man. Kumaran Asan was born on the 12th of April at Kayikkara, a small coastal village in Kerala.
His boyhood was spent in learning Malayalam and Sanskrit, and after his contact with Sri Narayan Guru, the greatest Social Reformer of modern Kerala, he took to an intesive study of Hindu religious philosophy. This was followed by a strenous study of Hindu and Buddist philosophy and Sanskrit Literature, over a period of five years spent in Bangalore, Madras and Calcutta.
It was at this time that he was also introduced to English language and literature with ehich he became closely acquainted. After his return to Kerala he plunged into the task of organising the S. Yogam for the allround uplift of the Eazhava community. He married in his 45th year and settled down at Thonakkal. A boat accident on the 16th of January , tok away his life at its prime. The Fallen Flower delineats, unde the symbolism of the flower, the vicissitudes of Human Life and the essential tragedy at the core of existence.
While "Nalini" and "Leela" deal with the tragedy of young love, the "Outcaste Nun" and "Compassion" have Buddhist legends for there themes. Steeped in the ancient Hindu and Buddhist lore, he explored the essence of Idian thought, and came to his own vision of life, a vision which is essential tragic.
This vision he embodied in forms of rare freshness and power. In the face of the imitative stuff of the neo-classical poets, he asserted the primacy of individual imagination and in more ways than one symbolised the conciousness of modern Kerala. Early works Some of the earlier works of the poet were Subramanya Sathakam and Sankara Sathakam, wherein Asan voiced his devotional aspirations.
His short poem Veena Poovu fallen flower is a literary classic. It paved the way for a new movement in Malayalam literature. His elegy Prarodanam mourns the death of his contemporary and friend A. Raja Raja Varma, the famous grammarian. In Chintaavishtayaaya Seetha Seetha Lost in Thought or The Meditations of Sita he displays his poetic artistry, while in Duravastha, he patiently and skilfully tears down the barriers created byfeudalism, orthodoxy and casteism and consummates the dictum of the Guru, "One Caste, One Religion, One God for man".
He died aged 51 as a result of a boat accident in January while travelling to Kollam from a function in Alappuzha. The boat capsized at Pallana and all on board drowned, except a priest. Kumaranasan was the only poet in Malayalam who became mahakavi without writing a mahakavyam. The Kumaran Asan National Institute of Culture at Thonnakkal was founded in in his memory, and includes a small house which he had built on his land.
The poems published in this volume are longer than those published in Manimaala. Asan describes in such detail about its probable past and the position it held. The first word Ha, and the last word Kashtam of the entire poem is often considered as a symbolism of him calling the world outside "Ha! Oru Simhaprasavam Nalini Subtitle: Allengkil Oru Sneham Leela A deep love story in which Leela leaves madanan, her lover and returns to find him in forest in a pathetic condition.
Baalaraamaayanam This is a shorter epic poem consisting of verses. Most of these verses are couplets, with the exception of the last three quatrains.
There are, therefore, lines in all. Graamavrikshattile Kuyil
This page was last edited on 14 Decemberat Kumaran Asan also wrote many other poems. Best Poem of Kumaran Asan. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kumaran Asan. Ulloor Kumaran Asan Vallathol. The University of British Columbia. Kurup Olappamanna Subramanian Namboothirippad P.
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