KWANGJU UPRISING PDF

It has the status of a metropolitan city under the direct control of the central government, with administrative status equal to that of a province. KwangjuKwangju, S. Nesnad The city has been a centre of trade and of local administration since the Three Kingdoms period c. Modern industries, including cotton textiles, breweries, and rice mills, began with the building of a railway from Seoul in From , with the construction of an industrial zone centring on an automobile factory, the city grew rapidly.

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It has the status of a metropolitan city under the direct control of the central government, with administrative status equal to that of a province. KwangjuKwangju, S. Nesnad The city has been a centre of trade and of local administration since the Three Kingdoms period c. Modern industries, including cotton textiles, breweries, and rice mills, began with the building of a railway from Seoul in From , with the construction of an industrial zone centring on an automobile factory, the city grew rapidly.

Developments included storage and processing facilities for agricultural products. Kwangju was the site of an armed uprising against the newly installed military government of Chun Doo Hwan in May More than civilians were killed during the suppression of the protest; it is now commemorated with an annual festival held on May The city is now a consumer and manufacturing centre for the southwestern region, and industrial complexes have been established within the city and in the near vicinity.

Emerging high-technology industries include information technology and telecommunications. Kwangju is a transportation junction of southwestern Korea. It connects with Seoul to the north and Pusan Busan to the east by air, rail, and road. It has a subway and is served by a domestic airport to the west of downtown and an international airport at Muan, some 20 miles 30 km to the southwest. Get exclusive access to content from our First Edition with your subscription.

Subscribe today Kwangju is also a centre for culture and art. Chosun University , Chonnam National University , and several other institutions of higher education are located there.

The city has many historical remains, and there are old temples and tombs in the surrounding hills. Begun in , the Gwangju Biennale has emerged as a venue for the exhibition of contemporary art and for musical and dance performances.

Area square miles square km. This article was most recently revised and updated by Michael Ray , Editor. Learn More in these related Britannica articles:.

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Gwangju Uprising

As noted in a report issued by the Martial Law Command, the students and "hot-blooded young soldiers" confronted each other, angry citizens joined in, driven by alleged rumors that the "soldiers of Kyongsang Province origin came to exterminate the seeds of the Cholla people. It heightened provincial hostility and marked the beginning of the rise of anti-American sentiment in South Korea. According to the report, the sequence of events was triggered by student demonstrations on the morning of May 18 in defiance of the new edict. Some Chonnam University students began demonstrating in the morning and by P. City police were unable to control the crowd. At about P.

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Kwangju Uprising

Learn how and when to remove this template message Blockade of Gwangju, and further atrocities[ edit ] At this point, all troops retreated to suburban areas to wait for reinforcements. The army blocked all routes and communications leading into and out of the city. Although there was a lull in fighting between militias and the army, more casualties were incurred on May 23 when soldiers fired at a bus that attempted to break out of the city in Jiwon-dong, killing 17 of the 18 passengers. The following day, soldiers mistook boys swimming in the Wonje reservoir for an attempted crossing and opened fire on them, resulting in one death. Later that day, the army suffered its heaviest casualties when troops mistakenly fired at each other in Songam-dong.

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